„To my dear Cacadou. Old Nick“

15 original photographs of Karl Marx.
They shape our image of him until today.


What has Marx done today?


The International Working Men’s Association - founded in London on September 28, 1864 - was an organization with several different political currents that were able to coexist with each other. Reformist trade unionists from England, French mutualists inspired by the theories of Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, anticapitalists, and a variety of other groups, including those who were influenced by the ideas of 'utopian' socialists, participated for eight intense years to develop the first transnational political experience of the labour movement.

Jason Barker is the writer, director and co-producer of the 2011 documentary Marx Reloaded. He is Professor of English at Kyung Hee University, South Korea. His new novel Marx Returns is published by Zero Books. Marx200 asked him about his new book and what has happened between Marx Reloaded and Marx Returns. More information about the novel at:

Marxism as the ideological core of a developmental strategy emerged in Tanzania in the late 1960s as a result of a particular constellation of forces – the intension of the newly liberated country to pursue an alternative development model. This led to the promulgation of the Arusha Declaration and the TANU Guidelines of 1972. Its concentrated expression found the surge for a Tanzanian way of Socialism in the ideological battles at the University of Dar-es-Salaam.

On September 14, 1867, the Börsenblatt des deutschen Buchhandels informed the public of the publication of “Capital, Volume I: The Process of Production of Capital” by Karl Marx. Exactly 150 years later, on September 14, 2017, the New York office of the Rosa Luxemburg Stiftung celebrated the anniversary of Marx’s magnum opus.

To celebrate the 200th birthday of Karl Marx, the Rosa Luxemburg Stiftung will be hosting a large conference. A short week will be filled with the theories, the politics and the arts that are connected to Marx’s anniversary. Call for Papers. Congress in Berlin, 3-6 May 2018

Media Library



Numerous authors wrote forewords and afterwords for Capital and the Manifesto. They are indicative of the relative social contexts and provide evidence of the historical shifts in the reception of these works. What did these authors emphasise in their fore- and afterwords? Which readings of the texts did they produce? Which topics stood at the centre of debate at a particular moment?


Work on the Historisch Kritische Wörterbuch des Marxismus (HKWM) project began in 1983, the year of the 100th anniversary of the death of Karl Marx. In over 15 volumes including 1,500 entries, numerous authors define and explain Marxist terminology. So far, volumes 1 to 8/II have been published; some of the most important terms stem from these volumes.

The journal Historical Materialism has published some further terms in English.

Following Marx

Marxism? Think one, two, many Marxes …

"All I know is that I am not a Marxist," Karl Marx is reported to have said. He made this much quoted remark with a nod to the Marxist current developing in France at the time. We do not know what exactly Marx was distancing himself from. What is certain, however, is he could not have anticipated one thing: the extent to which, following his death, in his name, though in the form of an "ism," one of the most influential intellectual currents and political movements would spread across the entire globe – Marxism.