Marx as a Migrant – A digital narrative

Karl Marx lived a long life as a migrant. Fleeing from the Prussian state, censorship and possible arrest, important stops on his journey were Paris, Brussels and London. These cities shaped his political activities, his engagement with political fellow-travellers, as well as his intellectual development and thus his entire work.

At the click of a mouse, you can follow Marx as a migrant from city to city. You can not only immerse yourself in his time, but also discover that even today, traces of his life and work continue to be seen in Paris, Brussels and London.

Each station takes about 45 minutes.


Credits thanks Mareike König and Jean-Numa Ducange, who accompanied us through Paris.

The recordings in Brussels would not have possible made without the support of Edward de Maesschalck and Jelle Versieren, Christophe Martens of the Brussels Archives of the City and Stéphanie Deschamps of the Belgian General State Archives.

We would also like to thank Christine Lattek and Heiko Khoo, who guided us through London, and Mary Davis and Meirian Jump, who made it possible for us to conduct research in the Marx Memorial Library there.

Many thanks also go to Maria Hartmann and Max Urlacher as our narrators, Michael Kube of Mainland Media Berlin for the sound engineering, and Safia Al Bagdadi and the linguatransfair network for translation.

  • Concept, research, interviews, field recordings, text: Lydia Heller
  • Concept, camera, postproduction: Steffen Ramlow
  • Executive Producers: Sabine Nuss, Antonella Muzzupappa & Frank Engster


  • Marx-Engels-Werke, Band 1, 3, 4, 7, 8, 13, 16, 23, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 34, 42, EB 1, Dietz Verlag Berlin, 1962
  • Annenkow, Pawel: Eine russische Stimme über Karl Marx, Die Neue Zeit Jg. 1, 1883, in: Der Bund der Kommunisten. Dokumente und Materialien. Band 1. 1836-1849, Dietz Verlag Berlin, 1983
  • Bakunin, Michael: Persönliche Beziehungen zu Marx (Ende 1871), in: Bakunin, Michael, Gesammelte Werke, Bd.3, Verlag Der Syndikalist, Berlin, 1924
  • Börnstein, Heinrich: 75 Jahre in der alten und neuen Welt, Band 1, Leipzig, 1881
  • Hecker, Rolf; Limmroth, Angelika (Hrsg.): Jenny Marx. Die Briefe, Karl Dietz Verlag Berlin, 2014
  • Heine, Heinrich: Werke, Band 7
  • Herwegh, Marcel: Briefe von und an Georg Herwegh, 1898, (
  • Liebknecht, Wilhelm: Karl Marx zum Gedächtnis, in: Mohr und General, Dietz-Verlag Berlin, 1982
  • Marx, Jenny: Kurze Umrisse eines bewegten Lebens, in: Mohr und General, Dietz-Verlag Berlin, 1982
  • Nerrlich, Paul (Hrsg.): Arnold Ruges Briefwechsel und Tagebuchblätter aus den Jahren 1825-1880, Band 1
  • Nicolaevsky, Boris; Maenchen-Helfen, Otto: Karl Marx. Eine Biographie, Fischer, Frankfurt/M., 1982
  • Ruge, Arnold: Zwei Jahre in Paris, Leipzig 1846, Nachdruck Leipzig 1975
  • Silberner, Edmund (Hrsg.): Moses Hess. Briefwechsel, Mouton and Co, 'S-Gravenhage, 1959
  • Wheen, Francis: Karl Marx, Goldmann, München, 2001


Photo Credits

  • Karl Dietz Verlag Berlin
  • Marx Memorial Library
  • Wikipedia

Note: Despite our best efforts, it has not been possible to determine the ownership of all images used. Should you or someone you know own one or several of the images used in this project, please contact us.


  • Music: Chris Zabriskie - "What True Self Feels Bogus, Let's Watch Jason X" - CC BY 4.0