Emancipation of Labour (founded in 1883)
In 1883, representatives of the Narodnik movement founded Emancipation of Labour whilst in exile in Switzerland.
The group aligned itself with the working class, and, as such, opposed the Narodniks’ focus on the peasants. Furthermore, Emancipation of Labour deepened the analysis of Marx and Marxist theory, and produced its own contributions to the debate. The group’s most prominent theorist was Georgi Valentinowich Plekhanov.