Left-wing socialism

This term generally refers to independent positions that emerged during the interwar period and that are located between social democracy and communism. At the time, left-wing socialist groups were organised internationally at the “London office”.

“Integral socialism” is a well-known left-wing socialist position that was developed by Otto Bauer which aimed to bridge the rift between reformist social democracy and party communism and bring together both currents under the umbrella of a newly organised form of revolutionary socialism. See also the entry on left-wing socialism  in Theories and debates following Marx.